Claremont Canyon Bibliography
Background documents (many on the Internet) and relevant reading material as of 2010
Report on the Berkeley, California Conflagration of September 17, 1923 By the National Board of Fire Underwriters, Committee on Fire Prevention and Engineering Standards.
Control Burning In Eucalypt Forests. By A. G. McArthur, 1962. Leaflet No. 80, Commonwealth of Australia, Forestry and Timber Bureau
Report of the Blue Ribbon Fire Prevention Committee for the East Bay Hill Area Urban- wildland Interface Zone. Adopted by EBRPD, EBMUD, Oakland, Berkeley, El Cerrito, CDF, Richmond, and Kensington Fire District in 1982
Fire Hazard Mitigation Program & Fuel Management Plan for the East Bay Hills and its Technical Appendices. Prepared by Amphion Environmental, Inc. in 1995 for the East Bay Hills Vegetation Management Consortium and the Member Agencies of the East Bay Hills Emergency Forum.
Resource Management Plan for the Caldecott Wildlife Corridor. Prepared by the Alameda-Contra Cost Biodiversity Working Group, Caldecott Corridor Committee in 2001.
Vegetation Assessment Report for the Caldecott Tunnel Study Area. L.A. 224: March 21, 1996. Ande Bennett, John Cain, Catharine Phelps, and Professor Joe McBride
General Guidelines for Creating Defensible Space. Prepared by the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CAL FIRE), and adopted by the State Board of Forestry and Fire Protection in 2006.
Vegetation Almanac for the East Bay Hills. Prepared by Charli Danielsen, Rich McClure, Ed Leong, Margaret Kelley, and Carol Rice for the East Bay Hills Emergency Forum in 2000.
The East Bay Regional Park District Fuel Break Plan. Prepared by Ed Leong, Fuel Break Supervisor and Adopted by the Park District Board in 1989.
Wildland Management Policies and Guidelines. Adopted by the East Bay Regional Park District Board of Directors in 2001.
Growth of Eucalyptus in California Plantations. By Woodbridge Metcalf, Bulletin No. 380 November, 1924. College of Agriculture. Agricultural Experiment Station, Berkeley California
Fire Weather Operating Plan. Adopted by the East Bay Regional Park District Board of Directors in 1998.
Rare, Endangered, and Unusual Plants in the East Bay Regional Park District. Prepared by S. Edwards, and A. Galo and published in Four Seasons 9 (1): 59-70.
The 1990 East Bay Hills Fire Oakland-Berkeley, California. Investigated by J. Gordon Routley in 1992 for the United States Fire Administration National Fire Data Center.
The Proposed Fire Management Plan for the Lake Chabot Eucalyptus Plantation. Prepared by Roger Fenwick in 1980, and adopted by the East Bay Regional Park District Board of Directors in the Park Land Use Plan and EIR.
The East Bay Hills Roadside Vegetation Treatment Standards. Prepared by the East Bay Hills Emergency Forum and adopted by in 2003.
Eucalyptus globules, California Invasive Plant Council database. How Do I recognize it? Where Would I find It? Where did it come from and how is it spread? What problems does it cause? How does it grow and reproduce?
The Tunnel Incident-Oakland 1991, Ten Years After Report. Prepared by Frank Kemper, Ken Blonski, and Neil Honeycutt. Prepared for the Hills Emergency Forum Member Agencies: City of Berkeley, City of El Cerrito. City of Oakland, California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, East Bay Municipal Utility District, East Bay Regional Park District, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California Berkeley
Focused Environmental Study, Restoration of Angel Island Natural Areas Affected by Eucalyptus. A July 1988 Report compiling articles by experts on a variety of topics describing the State's proposed resource management project on Angel Island.
Final EIR for the Restoration of Angel Island Natural Areas Affected by Eucalyptus. Prepared by Jones & Stokes Associates, Inc, in 1989 and adopted by the State of California Park Advisory Board.
Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Report for the East Bay Watershed Master Plan. Prepared by Jones and Stokes Associates, Inc. in 1995 and adopted by the EBMUD Board of Directors
Fire History of the San Francisco East Bay Region and Implications for Landscape Patterns. Prepared by J.E. Keeley USGS, and published in the International Journal for Wildland Fire in 2005.
Robert Sibley, Huckleberry, and Claremont Canyon Land Use Plan and EIR. Prepared by Royston Hanamoto Ally & Abey and Larry Seeman Associates, inc. Adopted by the East Bay Regional Park District Board of Directors in 1985
Final Environmental Assessment for the East Bay Regional Park District Vegetation
Management Projects. Prepared by URS Corporation in 2003 for the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
Vegetative Management Plan for the Eucalyptus Freeze Affected Areas in the Berkeley Oakland Hills. Prepared by the Vegetative Management Committee in 1973 and adopted by EBRPD, EBMUD, and the City of Oakland.
Command Decisions during Catastrophic Urban-interface Wildfire. A Masters Thesis and Case Study of the 1993 Orange County, California, Laguna Fire (and fire other major California WUI fires including the 1990 Tunnel Fire) by Michael S. Rohde, in 2002.
Fire-Induced Winds in the 20 October 1991 Oakland Hills Fire. Prepared by Javier Trelles and Patrick J. Pagni, and published in Fire Safety Science and several other publications.
Firefighter Safety Zones: How Big Is Big Enough? Prepared by Bret W. Butler and Jack D. Cohen Research Scientists for the US Forest Service.
Flammability of Australian Forests. Prepared by A. Malcolm Gill and Phil Zystra, and Published by CSIRO in 2005
Comparison of Fuel Load, Structural Characteristics and Infrastructure Before and After the Oakland Hills "Tunnel Fire". Prepared by Scott L. Stephens, Domingo M. Molina, Ron Carter, and Robert E. Martin and Published in 1995 by the USDA Forest Services as Gen. Tech. Rep PSW-GTR-158.
Historical Vegtation Change in Oakland and its implications for Urban Forest Management. Prepared by David J. Norwak for the Oakland Park Department and published in Journal of Arboriculture 19(5) in September of 1993.
READY, SET, GO! Your Personal Wildfire Action Plan. Prepared by the Ventura County Fire Department with CAL FIRE, Orange County Fire Authority, FireSafe Council, Firewise Communities, and the Institute for Business and Home Safety.
Wildland-Urban Fire- A different Approach. Prepared by Jack D. Cohen, Research Scientist for the US Forest Service, and published in numerous journals.
Preventing disaster: home ignitability in the wildland-urban interface. Prepared by Jack D. Cohen. Research Scientist for the US Forest Service, and published in numerous journals
Firebrands and spotting ignition in large-scale fires. Prepared by Eunmo Kop, Patrick J.
Pagni, David R. Wiese, and John P. Woucheese, and published in the International Journal of Wildland Fire in November of 2010.
The East Bay Regional Park District Wildfire Hazard Reduction and Resource Management Plan and Environmental Impact Report. Prepared by LSA Associates and adopted by the EBRPD Board of Directors in 2010.
Implications of changing climate for global wildland fire. Prepared by Mike D. Flannigan, Meg A. Krawchuk, William J. de Groot, B. Mike Wotto, and Lynn M. Gowan: Canadian Forest Service and UC Berkeley Department of environmental Science. Published in the International Journal of Wildand Fire 2009, 18, 483-507
Eucalyptus Removal on Angel Island. Prepared by David Boyd, California State Parks and published by the California Exotic Pest Plant Council in their 1997 Symposium Proceedings.
Landscaping Tips to Help Defend Your Home from Wildfire. Prepared by Pamela M. Geisel, and Donna C. Seaver, and Published in the UC Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources April 2008 publication 8322
Fire at the Urban Wildland Interface: Performance of California Homes and Buildings. Prepared by Fire Cause Analysis for the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection in 2004.
Scientific and social challenges for the management of fire-prone wildland-urban interfaces. Prepared by Malcom Gill and Scott I. Stephens: Australian National University and U.C. Berkeley, California Department of Environmental Science. Published in 2009 by IOP Publishing, and numerous journals.
City of Oakland, Oakland Wildfire Prevention District web page. Compliance Standards, Services Offered, History of Fires in the Oakland Hills, etc.
The Oakland/Berkeley Hills Fire- October 20, 1991. This detailed publication was sponsored by the National Wildland/Urban Interface Fire Protection Initative, and prepared by the National Fire Protection Association (NFP A) with the assistance and cooperation of Oakland, Berkeley, and California Fire Departments, and the California State Fire Marshal's Office.
Overall Fuel Hazard Guide for South Australia. Published by the Government of South Australia in 2008. This eucalyptus fire hazard guide is based largely on the work of the Victorian Overall Fuel Hazard Guide (McCarthy et al 1998) and the preliminary results of CSIRO's Project Vesta research (Gould & Sullivan 2004).
Project Vesta, Fire in Dry Eucalypt Forest. A 2007 Interim Field Guide and Publication
sponsored by the Department of Environment and Conservation. Primary authors include: Jim Gould, Lachie McCaw, and Phil Cheney who have investigated the behavior and spread of high-intensity bushfires in dry eucalypt forest with different fuel ages and understory vegetation structures.
Eucalyptus, A Transcontinental Legacy. Fire Management, Resource Protection, and the Challenges of Tasmanian Blue Gum. National Park Service Golden Gate National Recreation Area and Point Reyes National Seashore
Fire Policy in the Urban-wildland Interface in the United States: What are the Issues and possible Solutions? Scott L. Stephens and Brandon M. Collines
Thinking of Wildfire as a Natural Hazard, Sarah McCaffrey U.S. Forest Service. Publishes in Society and Natural Resources, 17: 509-536, 2004
Goals, obstacles and effective strategies of wildfire mitigation programs in the Wildland- Urban Interface. Margared A. Reams, Terry K. Haines, Cheryl R. Renner, Michael W. Wascom, and Harish Kingre. Published in Forest Policy and Economics 7 (2005) 818-826
California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, Santa Clara Unit Fire Management Plan, 2008, CAL FIRE signature page includes John Ellis, Bill Murdock, Shana Jones, and Robert Chew
Climate change and wildfire in California. A.L.Westerling and B. P. Bryant. Published in Climatic Change (2008) 87 (Suppl 1):S231–S249
fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree Eucalyptus Globulus, Distribution and Occurrence, Botanical and Ecological Characteristics, Fire Ecology, and Fire Effects, etc..
fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree Quercus agrifolia, Distribution and Occurrence, Botanical and Ecological Characteristics, Fire Ecology, and Fire Effects, etc..
The mega-fire phenomenon: toward a more effective management model The Brookings Institution Center for Public Policy Education Washington D.C. Approved by the National Fire & Aviation Executive Board 20 September 2005
City of Oakland Watershed Improvement Program, Fire Wise Native Plants, www,oaklandpw.com/creeks/fireplants.htm
Managing the East Bay Hills Wildland/Urban Interface to Preserve Native Habitat and Reduce the Risk of Catastrophic Fire An Environmental Green Paper- March 27, 2009 by the Sierra Club, California Native Plant Society, Golden Gate Audubon Society
Blue Gum Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globules) A Wildfire Threat A brochure by the East Bay Regional Park District Fire Department in collaboration with the University of California at Berkeley
Eucalyptus, Fuel Dynamics, and Fire Hazard in the Oakland Hills. Published in California Agriculture, September 1973. J.K. Agee, R. H. Wakimoto, E. F. Darley, and H. H. Biswell
Firerighter Safety Zones: A Theoretical Model Based on Radiative Heating. Bret W. Butler and Jack D. Cohen. Published in the International Journal of Wildland Fire 8(2): 73- 77, 1998
Hills Emergency Forum, Best Management Practices Working Paper October 17, 2008- www.hillsemergencyforum.org Wildfire is inevitable; home loss can be prevented- posted 9/30/07 By: Kat Dargan, California state fire marshal.
Is Your Home Protected From Wildfire Disaster? A Homeowner's Guide to Wildfire Retrofit. Institute for Business & Home Safety www.ibbs.org
Masters of Disaster- Wildland Fires. American Red Cross, www.redcross.org/disaster/ masters
Invasive and native plant responses to shrubland fuel reduction: comparing prescribed fire, mastication, and treatment season Jennifer B. Potts and Scott l. Stephens Published in Biological Conservation 142 (2009) 1657–1664. journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/biocon
Aids to Determining Fuel Models For Estimating Fire Behavior- Hal E. Anderson U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service. General Technical Report INT-122 April 1982
2010 Strategic Fire Plan for California. California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection
The Fire Information Engine: A Web-Based Toolkit for Wildfire-Related Needs. The UC Berkeley Center for Fire Research and Outreach By Faith R. Kearns, Noah C. Goldstein, Brent Pedersen, and Max A. Moritz
Power Lines and Catastrophic Wildland Fire in Southern California. By Joseph W. Mitchell M-bar Technologies and Consulting, LLC, Ramona, CA; 19412 Kimball Valley Rd., Ramona, CA 92065; email@example.com
Preliminary Resource Analysis of the Claremont Canyon Regional Preserve. Prepared by Student and Faculty of the Department of Conservation & Resource Studies
University of California, Berkeley, California. Spring of 1983
Natural and Cultural Resource Inventory of Claremont Canyon Conservation and Resource Studies 131 University of California at Berkeley, Spring 1992.
Statement of Richard C. Trudeau, General Manager East Bay Regional Park District, Oakland California Before the Senate Subcommittee Hearing on S. 1607 (Cranston-Tunney) Trudeau's testimony and attached background documents requested funding to remove eucalyptus trees that were killed or damaged in the 1972 Freeze.
California Aflame! The California Department of Conservation and Division of Forestry Report that describes the large, destructive wildland-urban fires that occurred between September 22 and October 4 of 1970. The Fish-Fire, starting near four- corners above Claremont Canyon destroyed 37 homes and damaged 37 homes, and was the first in the siege of State-wide California Wildfires that have now been repeated in 1984, 2003, and 2007.
Wildland Fire Hazard Assessment The 2000 Edition documenting FEMA, OES, CDF, and UCFPL Working Together to Reduce Wildland Fire Losses. A Volume of the I- Zone Series.
Fire Management Plan- October 2000. The East Bay Watershed Fire Management Plan developed by FIREWISE 2000 for the East Bay Municipal Utility District
The East Bay Hills Fire, A Multi-Agency Review of the October 1991 Fire in the Oakland Berkeley Hills. A February 27, 1992 Report from the East Bay Hills Fire Operations Review Group to Elihu Harris, Mayor of Oakland & Loni Hancock, Mayor or Berkeley
FIRESCAPE, Landscaping to Reduce Fire Hazard. Two residential landscaping publications (1992 & 2003) by the East Bay Municipal Utility District.
Factors Affecting Property Owner Decisions about Defensible Space By Ed Smith & Marlene Rebori, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension.
Crisis: eucalyptus, a damaged forest Environmental Studies 196- Spring 1973. University of California, Berkeley
An Evaluation of the Fire Management Plan for the UC Hill Area. By Alexander "Sandy" Kerr. City and Regional Planning Degree Writer in "Moral Philosophy". September 1991
General Fire Plan, Proposed East Bay Regional Park. By Walker B. Tilley, March 1936. Submitted by the State Park Division of the National Park Service Region VIII as a chapter in the 1936 Proposed Plan for Regional Parks.
A History of the Vegetation Changes in the East Bay Hills, 1850-1993. By Sharon Hall, Sun Min Lee, and Craig Mayer. Landscape Architecture 221, Professor John Radke, May 18, 1994.
The Eucalyptus of California- Sections 1, 2, and 3 with Notes and Bibliography, By Robert L. Santos, California State University, Stanislaus
A Proposal For the Initial Clearance of Eucalyptus From the East Bay Hills, February 22, 1973. By James B. Roof, Regional Parks Forester, 1940-1960 Director, Regional Parks Botanic Garden, 1940-Present
America's Largest Weed. By Ted Williams, Audubon 2002
Deadly Eucalyptus. By rich Stallcup, Point Reyes Bird Observatory, Observer 108. January 5, 2007.
Eucalyptus. By Daniel C. Pearson, California Wildlife Habitat Relationships System, California Department of Fish and Game, California Interagency Wildlife Task Group.
Eucalyptus-Hickory's Younger Brother. By F. D. Cornell, 1909
Ubiquitous Eucalyptus by Bill O'Brien, BayNature 2005
Fire as a Threatening Process: A Note from Roger Underwood, Chairman of The Bushfire Front Inc, an organisation devoted to improving the standards of bushfire management in Australia. March 31st, 2009